Flap surgery, also known as flap operation, is a type of procedure done on the gums in your teeth. The gums are separated from the teeth and folded backwards for a certain period so that your dentist can easily reach the root of the tooth and the bone. This surgery is mainly done to treat a condition called periodontitis.
Periodontal flap surgery describes the state-of-the-art techniques and most commonly used approach to the surgical treatment and plastic surgical repair of periodontal pockets. “Pocketing” is the result of inflammation and infection that causes the loss of tissue attachment to the teeth, which is a common consequence of periodontal (gum) disease.